Taur Matan Ruak was born on October 10, 1956, in the suco of Osuna Huna, administrative post of Baguia, Municipality of Baucau, Timor-Leste.
On the 7th of December 1975, Indonesia invaded Timor-Leste and Taur Matan Ruak, then 19, joins the newly formed National Liberation Armed Forces of Timor-Leste (FALINTIL) in the mountains.
Assumes responsibilities in the two eastern military sectors: center east and east.
Assistant to the Chief of Staff of FALINTIL
Military adviser and Deputy Chief of Staff of FALINTIL
From 1986, he took command of all military operations in Timor-Leste
FALINTIL Chief of Staff
Deputy Commander-in-Chief of FALINTIL
Human Rights Award by the Assembly of the Portuguese Republic
Commander-in-Chief of FALINTIL
Brigadier General of FALINTIL- Timor-Leste Defense Forces (F-FDTL)
Chief of Staff of FALINTIL- Timor-Leste Defense Forces (F-FDTL)
Awarded by the President of the RDTL with the Order of the Guerrilla
Awarded by the President of RDTL for services rendered during Operation Halibur
Major-General of the FALINTIL- Timor-Leste Defense Forces (F-FDTL)
On the 20th of August of 2011 is officially demobilized from FALINTIL
President of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste between 20th of May 2012 and 20th of May 2017
President of the Popular Liberation Party (PLP)
Spokesperson for the Majority Alliance for Progress (AMP), which brought together the three opposition parties, namely CNRT, PLP and KHUNTO
On May 12, 2018, the Majority Alliance for Progress (AMP) coalition won the early legislative elections and appointed Taur Matan Ruak to the post of Prime Minister.
On June 22, 2018, Taur Matan Ruak takes office as Prime Minister of the VIII Constitutional Government.
Taur Matan Ruak is married to Dr. Isabel da Costa Ferreira, a lawyer who worked in the area of human rights and, among the various relevant functions, was Deputy Minister of Justice.
He has two daughters, Lola and Tamarisa, and a son, Quesadhip.
Taur Matan Ruak speaks three languages of Timor-Leste (Tetum, Naueti and Makasae), Portuguese and English.